Political Science

Political Science

  • Arts
  • 3 Years
  • BA
  • Department of Political Science

Political science focuses on the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels.



Paper I                        –           Govt. & Politics of  Mizoram

Paper II                       –           Indian Govt. & Politics

Paper III                     –           Major Political Systems

Paper IV                     –           Political Theory

Paper V                      –           Western Political Thought

Paper VI                     –           International Relations

Paper VII                    –           Public Administration

Paper VIII                  –

(a) Human Rights

(b) Women and Political Process

Paper IX                     –           Indian Political Thought

Paper X                      –           Indian Foreign Policy

Paper XI                     –           The United Nations

Paper XII                    –

(a) Political Sociology

(b) South East Asia Politics

(c) South Asia: Economy, Society and Politics


Detailed Syllabus

Paper – I

Govt. & Politics of Mizoram



Regional Profile of North East India and Place of Mizoram in it.

Traditional, Political and Social Institutions: the Effects of British Annexation; Innerline Regulation.

Sixth Schedule: District Council System in Mizoram, State-District Council Relations.


Insurgency in Mizoram.

Creation of the Union Territory of Mizoram; the Peace Accord & the Creation of the State of Mizoram.


Functioning of the Govt. in Mizoram: Governor, Chief Minister, Legislative Assembly.


Electoral Politics in the State.

Political Parties in Mizoram.


Local Self Govt. in Mizoram : Municipality, Village Councils – Their Structure & Functions.

Mizo Customary Law.

Suggested Readings.

Chaterjee, N. The Mizo Chief and His Administration. Aizawl: Tribal Research Institute,1975.

Chaterjee, Suhas. Mizoram Under the British Rule. Delhi: Mittal Publication, 1985.

Chaube, S.K. Hill Politics in NE India, Calcutta: Orient Longman, 1974.

Datta, P.S. (ed.). Electoral Politics in NE India. Omsons Publications, 1986.

Lalchungnunga. Mizoram: Politics of Regionalism & National Integration. New Delhi: Reliance Publishing House, 1994.

Mishra, Udayon. North East India Quest for Identity. Ch. I, New Delhi: Omsons Publication,1988.

Parry, N.E. Lushai Custom: A Monography on Lushai Customs and Ceremonies. Firma KLM (Reprint), 1976.

Prasad R.N. and A.K. Agarwal. Political & Economic Development of Mizoram. New Delhi: Mittal, 1991.

Prasad, R.N. Government and Politics in Mizoram. New Delhi: Northern Book Centre, 1987.

Rao, V.V., N. Hazarika and H. Thansanga (eds.), A Century of Tribal Politics in NE India, Vol. III,  Mizoram

Singh, S.N. Mizoram: Historical, Geographical, Social, Economic, Political & Administrative. New Delhi: Mittal, 1994.

Thanga, L.B. The Mizos. Guwahati: United Publishers,1978.

Verghese, C.G.  and  R.L. Thanzawna.  A History of the Mizos.  Vol. I & II. Delhi: Vikas, 1997.

Rao, V.V., A Century of Tribal Politics in North East India, New Delhi:S.Chand, 1976.

Patnaik, J.K., Mizoram Dimension & Perspectives: Society, Economy and Polity, New Delhi, Concept Publishing House, 2007.


Paper – II

Indian Govt. & Politics



Indian Constitution – The Making of India’s Constitution and its Sources; Salient Features of the Constitution, Preamble: Ideals & Philosophy; Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, Amendment Procedure.


Indian Federalism (Centre-State Relations) – Nature; Tension Areas.

Union Government :  President, Parliament, Council of Ministers & Prime Minister; Supreme Court, Judicial Review & Judicial Activism.

State Government : Governor, State Legislatures, Council of Ministers & Chief Minister; High Court.

Emergency Provisions and its Applications


Electoral Politics – Electoral Process, Electoral Reforms, Election Commission of India; Political Parties and Pressure Groups, National & Regional Political Parties.


Major Issues and Challenges to Indian Polity :

(a) Casteism, Communalism, Regionalism.

                              (b) Criminalization of Politics.

                              (c)  Liberalization & Privatization.

                              (d) Poverty alleviation & Development.


Democratic Decentralization: Panchayati Raj System & Municipality in India (With special reference to 73rd Amendment & 74th Amendment)


Suggested Readings

Austin, G.  Working a Democratic Constitution: The Indian Experience. Delhi: OUP, 2000.

Basu, D.D. An Introduction to the Constitution of India. New Delhi: Prentice Hall, 1994.

Baxi, U. and B. Parekh (ed.). Crisis and Change in Contemporary India. New Delhi: Sage, 1994.

Bhambri, C.P. The Indian State: Fifty Years. New Delhi: Shipra, 1997.

Bombwall, K.R. The Foundations of Indian Federalism. Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1967.

Brass, P. Politics of India since Independence. 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Brown, J. Modern India: the Origins of an Asian Democracy.  Delhi: OUP, 1985.

Chadda, M. Ethnicity, Security and Separatism in India. Delhi: OUP, 1997.

Cobridge, S. and J. Harriss. Reinventing India: Liberalisation, Hindu Nationalism and Popular Democracy. Delhi: OUP, 2001.

Fadia, Babulal. State Politics in India. Vol. I, New Delhi: Radiant Publishers, 1984.

Frankel, F.R. and et. al., (eds.) Transforming India: Social and Political Dynamics of Democracy. New Delhi: OUP, 2000.

Jayal, N.G. (ed.). Democracy in India. Delhi: OUP, 2001.

__________. Democracy and the State: Welfare, Secularism and Develoment in Contemporary India. Delhi: OUP, 1999.

Kashyap, S. Our Parliament. New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1992.

Kohli, A. Democracy and Discontent: India’s Growing Crisis of Governability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

___________ (ed.). The Success of India’s Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Kothari, R. State Against Democracy: In Search of Humane Governance. Delhi: Ajantha, 1988.

__________, Politics in India, New Delhi, Orient Longman, 1970.

Narang, A.S. Indian Government & Politics. New Delhi: Gitanjali Publishing House, 1998 (Reprint)

Noorani, A.G. Constitutional Questions in India: The President, Parliament and the States. Delhi: OUP, 2000.

Oomen, T.K. Protest and Change: Studies in Social Movements. New Delhi: Sage, 1990.

Palmer, N.D. Elections in India: Its Social Basis, Calcutta, K.P. Bagchi, 1982.

Pylee, M.V. An Introduction to the Constitution of India. New Delhi: Vikas, 1998.

Sikri, S.L. Indian Government and Politics. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers, 1999 (Reprint).

Singh, M.P. and H. Roy (eds.). Indian Political System: Structure, Policies, Development. NewDelhi: Jnanada Prakashan, 1995.

__________ and R. Saxena (eds.). Ideologies and Institutions in Indian Politics. New Delhi: Deep and Deep, 1998.

Srinivas, M.N. Caste in Modern India and Other Essays. Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1962.

Thakur, R. The Government and Politics of India. London: Macmillan, 1995.

Vanaik, A. The Painful Transition: Bourgeois Democracy in India. London: Verso, 1990.


Paper – III

Major Political Systems

(Political Systems of UK, USA, Switzerland and China)


British Political System

(a) Nature and Salient Features of British Political System.

                              (b) Rule of Law and Conventions.

                              (c)             Parliamentary Government :- Monarchy, Parliament, Cabinet,                           Judiciary.

UNIT – II     

U.S. Political System

                              (a) Nature and Elements of the U.S. Political System.

                              (b) Federal System

                              (c) Separation of Powers.

                              (d) U.S. Govt. :- President, Congress & Supreme Court, Judicial Review.



Swiss Political System

                              (a) Nature and Elements of Swiss Political System.

                              (b) Swiss Govt.:- Federal Assembly, Federal Council & Federal Tribunal.

                              (c)             System of Direct Democracy in Switzerland.


Chinese Political System

                              (a) Political Development in China, Ideological Basis, Reforms in China.

                              (b) Constitutional Framework : Basic Features.

                              (c)             Governmental Structure : National People’s Congress, President of                        PRC, State Council.


Party System

(a) Britain

                              (b) USA

                              (c) Switzerland

                              (d) China


Suggested Readings.

Almond, G. et.al., Comparative Politics Today: A World View. 7th edn., New York: London, J Harper/Collins, 2000.

Bagehot, W. The English Constitution. London: Fontana, 1963.

Birch, A.H. British System of Government. 4th edn., London: George Allen & Unwin, 1980.

Derbyshire, I. Politics in China. London: Chambers, 1991.

Finer, H. Theory and Practice of Modern Government. London: Methuen, 1969.

Gittings, J. China Changes Face: The Road from Revolution. 1949-89, London: OUP, 1989.

Holmes, L. Post Communism: An Introduction. Cambridge: Polity, 1997.

Huiton, H.C. An Introduction to Chinese Politics. London: David and Charles, 1973.

Macridis, R.C. and R.E. Ward. Modern Political Systems: Europe and Asia. 2nd edn., Englewood Cliffs N.J., Prentice Hall, 1968.

Maddex, R. Constitutions of the World. 2nd edn., Washington D.C. and London: CQ Press, 2000.

Mohanty, M. Chinese Revolution: Comparative Perspectives on Transformation of Non-Western Societies. New Delhi: Ajantha, 1992.

Munro, T. The Governments of Europe. New York: Macmillan, 1963.

Olson, D. Legislative Institutions: A Comparative View. Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

Pathi, Srinibas and Amareshwar Mishra. Major Constitutions: Govt. and Politics in UK, USA, Switzerland & China. New Delhi: Dominant Publishers & Distributors, Vol. I & II, 2004.

Wheare, K.C. Federal Government. 4th edn., Oxford and New York: OUP, 1963.

Wilson, J. American Government. 4th edn., Boston Massachusetts: Houghton Miffin, 1997.




Paper – IV


Political Theory



UNIT – I       

Political Theory – Nature, Scope and Significance.

Approaches to the study of Political Theory – Traditional, Marxist, Behavioral and Post Behavioral.


State – Origin, Theories of State: Liberal & Marxist, Concept of Nation-State, Position of State under Globalization.

Sovereignty – Meaning and Characteristics, Kinds, Monistic & Pluralist view of Sovereignty.


Law: Meanings, Theories – Natural Theory of Law; Sociological Theory of Law, Kinds of Law.

Liberty: Meanings, Theories – Liberal Views; Marxist Views, Kinds of Liberty.

Equality: Meanings, Theories – Liberal Views; Marxist Views, Kinds of Equality.

Rights: Meanings, Theories – Theory of Natural Rights; Social Welfare Theory of Rights, Kinds of Rights

Justice: Meanings, Theories – Natural Theory of Justice; Legal Theory of Justice, Kinds of Justice.


Democracy – meaning, theories of democracy, Western Liberal Democracy and Its Third World Variant.

Welfare State – Meaning, Welfare State and Development


Political Ideologies – Liberalism: Classical & Modern, Socialism; Marxism & Democratic Socialism


Suggested Readings

Barker, Ernest. Principles of Social and Political Theory, Kolkotta: OUP, 1976.

Barry, N.P. Introduction to Modern Political Theory. London: Macmillan, 1995.

Benhabib, S. and D. Cornell. Feminism as Critique.  Cambridge: Polity Press, 1987.

Berlin, Isaiah. LibertyLondon: OUP, 2004.

Dunn, J. Modern Revolutions. London: Clarendon Press,1989.

Held, D. Political Theory and the Modern State. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989.

________________, Political Theory Today. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991.

Heywood, Andrew. Political Theory : An Introduction. New York: Papyrus Macmillan, 2005.

________________ Political Ideologies: An Introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Hirschman, N.J. and C.D. Stefano (eds.). Revisioning the Political: Feminist Reconstructions of Traditional Concepts in Western Political Theory. Harper Collins: Westview Press, 1996.

Laski, H. J. A grammar of Politics. London: Allen and Unwin, 1948.

Macpherson, C.B. Democratic Theory: Essays in Retrieval. Oxford: The Clarendon Press,1977.

Miller, D.  Citizenship and National Identities. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000.

Okin, S.M. Justice, Gender and the Family. New York: Basic Books, 1989.

Plant, R. Modern Political Thought, Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.

Pruthi, R.K. The Political Theory. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2005.

Ramaswami, S. Political Theory: Ideas and Concepts. Delhi: Macmillan, 2002.

Raphael, D.D. (ed.), Political Theory and the Rights of Man. London: Macmillan, 1967.

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. London: OUP, 2004.

Thakurdas, F. Essays on Political Theory. New Delhi: Gitanjali, 1982.

Varma, S. P. Modern Political Theory. New Delhi: Vikas, 1983.

Wolff, Jonathan. An Introduction to Political Philosophy. London: OUP, 2004.



Paper – V

Western Political Thought



Plato – Justice, Education, Communism, Ideal State.

Aristotle – Education, Classification of Constitution, Revolution, Slavery & Best Practicable State.


Machiavelli – Religion and Morality; State.


Hobbes – State of Nature; Absolute Sovereignty; Social Contract Theory; Individualism.

Locke – State of Nature, Limited Government; Civil Society; Social Contract Theory.

Rousseau – State of Nature, Sovereignty; Social Contract Theory.


Bentham – Utilitarianism

J.S. Mill – Liberty; Women; Alterations of Utilitarianism, Democracy.


Hegel – Dialectics; Civil Society; State.

Marx – Scientific Socialism; Surplus Value; Theory of Revolution; Dialectical Materialism, Class Struggle.

Suggested Readings

Ashcraft, A.  Revolutionary Politics and Locke’s Two Treaties of Government. London: Allen and Unwin, 1986.

Avineri, A. The Social and Political Thought of K. Marx. New Delhi: S Chand and Co., 1979.

Barker, E. The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle. New York: Dover Publications, 1959.

_________,  Greek Political Theory: Plato and His Predecessors. New Delhi: B.I. Publications, 1964.

Berki, R.N. The History of Political Thought: A Short Introduction. London: Dent, 1977.

Berlin, I.  Karl Marx: His Life and Environment. Oxford: OUP, 1963.

Bluhmn, W.H. Theories of Political System: Classics of Political Thought and Modern Political Analysis. Englewood Cliffs N.J. Prentice Hall, 1965.

Burns, J.H. (ed.) The Cambridge History of Political Thought 1450-1700, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Catlin, G. A History of Political Philosophers. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1950.

Cobban, A. Rousseau and the Modern State. London: Unwin University Books, 1964.

Coleman, J. A History of Political Thought: From Ancient Greece to Early Christianity. London: Blackwell, 2000.

Cornforth, M. The Open Philosophy and the Open Society: A Reply to Sir Karl Popper’s Refutation of Marxism. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1968.

Cowling, M. Mill and Liberalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963.

Cranston, M. (ed.) Western Political Philosophers. London: Fontana, 1964.

DeGrazia S. Machiavelli in Hell.  Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Ebenstein, W. Great Political Thinkers. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH, 1969.

Foster,M.B., W.T. Jones and L.W. Lancaster. Masters of Political Thought. 3 Vols. London: George G. Harrap and Co. Ltd., 1942, 1947 and 1959.

Hacker, A. Political Theory: Philosophy, Ideology, Science. New York: Macmillan, 1961.

Hampsher-Monk, I.W. Modern Political Thought from Hobbes to Marx. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1992.

Minogue, K.R.  Hobbes’ Leviathan. New York: Everyman’s Library, 1977.

Mukherjee, S. and S. Ramaswamy. A History of Political Thought: Plato to Marx. New Delhi: Prentice Hall, 1999.

Popper, K.R. The Open Society and its Enemies. 2 Vols. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1945.

Roberts Peri, and Peter Sutch. An Introduction to Political Thought: A Conceptual Toolkit. Atlantic, 2004.

Rosen, Michael and Jonathan Wolff. Political Thought. London: OUP, 2004.

Ryan, A. J.S. Mill. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.

Sabine, G.H. History of Political Theory. 4th edn., revised by T.L. Thorson, New Delhi: Oxford and IBH, 1973.

Shanley, M.L. and C. Pateman. Feminist Interpretation and Political Theory. Cambridge: Polity, 1991.

Sibley, M.Q. Political Ideas and Ideologies. New Delhi: Surjeet Publications, 1981.

Sinclair, T.A. A History of Greek Political Thought. London: Routledge, 1951.

Skinner, Q. The Foundations of Modern Political Thought. 2 Volumes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Smith, S.B. Hegel’s Critique of Liberalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Strauss, L. Studies in Platonic Political Philosophy. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1964.

Warburton, N., J. Pike and D. Matravers. Reading Political Philosophy: Machiavelli to Mill. London: Routledge in association with Open University, 2000.

Wolin, S.  Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought. Boston: Little Brown, 1960.


Paper – VI

International Relations



International Relations – Meaning and Nature; Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Realist & Idealism.


Sovereign Nation-State System: Nature and Role; Concepts : National Power, Balance of Power, National Interest, Collective Security, Diplomacy.


Issues in International Relations : Cold War & Detente, Disarmament & Arms Control, Human Rights, Globalisation, New International World Order, Terrorism.


United Nations : Origin & Development, Organs of the UN, Working and Future Prospects of the United Nations.


India and SAARC: Role of SAARC in South Asian Politics; India’s Contribution to SAARC.

Suggested Readings :

Brown, C. International Relations Theory.  London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1975.

Bull, H. The Anarchical Society: A Study Order in World Politics. London: Macmillan, 1977.

Carr, E.H. Conditions of Peace. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1944.

Claude, I. Power and International Relations. New York: Random House, 1962.

Coplin, W.D. Introduction to International Politics. Chicago: Markham, 1971.

Frankel, J. Contemporary International Theory and the Behaviour of States. New York: OUP, 1973.

Greenstein, F.I. and N.W. Polsby. Theory of International Relations. Reading Massachusetts: Addison- Wesley, 1979.

Holsti, K.J. The Dividing Discipline.  Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1985.

Holton, J. Robert. Globalization and the Nation-State. Palgrave, 1998.

Keohane, R.O. After Hegemony: Cooperation and discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton N.J.: University Press, 1984.

___________, International Institutions and State Power. Boulder Colorado: Westview Press, 1989.

Koren, A. Mingst and Jack L. Snyder. Essential Readings in World Politics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2004.

Lundestad, Geir. East, West, North, South: Major Developments in International Politics Since 1945. OUP, 1999.

Martin, L.L.  Coercive Cooperation: Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions. Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Morgenthau, H.J. Politics among Nations. 6th edn., revised by K.W. Thompson, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1985.

Northedge, F.S. International Relations: Then and Now. London: Harper Collins Academic, 1991.

Palmer, N.D. and H. Perkins. International Relations. Calcutta: Scientific Book Company, 1971.

Patnaik, K. Jagadish, “International Political Economy and Regimes Analysis: A Developing Country Perspective,” International Studies, April – June, 1995.

___________, “International Economic Regime and Liberalised Economy: India and the IMF Conditionality,” India Quarterly, vol.xiix. nos 1 & 2, Jan – June, 1993.

___________, “The International Trade Regime: The EU’s Role in the Uruguay Round,” International Studies, vol. 38, no. 2, April – June, 2001.

Verma, S.P.  International System and the Third World. New Delhi: Vikas, 1988.

Waltz, K.N. Theory of International Politics. Reading Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1979.

__________, “The Emerging Structure of International Politics”, International Security. 18, 1993, pp.44-79.


Paper – VII

Public Administration




Public Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope; Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline; Methods and Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Scientific Management; Classical Theory; Human Relation Approach; Bureaucratic Approach; Ecological Approach, Public Administration in the Age of Globalisation & Liberalisation.


Organisation : Formal & Informal, Hierarchy, Centralisation & Decentralisation, Division of Work, Coordination;

Administrative Behaviour : Leadership, Decision-Making, Communication and Accountability


Development Administration; Personnel Administration : Recruitment, Training, Promotion.



Indian Administration : Minister – Civil Servant Relation.; Legislative and Judicial Control over Administration.


Budgeting – Objectives & Principles, Preparation & Passing of Budget in India; Comptroller & Auditor General, Estimates Committee and Public Accounts Committee.

Suggested Readings

Arora, R.K. Public Administration-Fresh Perspective. Guwahati: DVS Publishers, 2004.

Avasthi, A. and S.R. Maheshwari. Public Administration. Alabama University of Alabama Press, 1957.

Basu, Rumki. Public Administration. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, 2005.

Bhambri, C.P. Administration in a Changing Society: Bureaucracy and Politics in India. Delhi: Vikas, 1991.

Bhattacharya, M. Public Administration: Structure, Process and Behaviour. Calcutta: The World Press, 1991.

___________, Restructuring Public Administration: Essays in Rehabilitation, New Delhi, Jawahar, 1999.

Chakrabarthy and Bhattacharya. Public Administration – A Reader., New Delhi: OUP, 2004.

Chopra, Encyclopedia of Public Administration. 5 Vols, Guwahati , DVS Publishers, 2003.

Fadia, B.L. Public Administration. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, 2005.

Jain, R.B. Public Administration in India – 21st Century Challenges for Good Governance. Guwahati: DVS Publishers, 2004.

Maheshwari, S.R. Administrative Theories. New Delhi: Allied, 1994.

Nigam, S.R. Principles of Public Administration. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal, 1980.

Nigro, F.A. and L.S. Nogro. Modern Public Administration. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.

Prasad & Prasad. Administrative Thinkers. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, 2000.

Rathod, P.B. Personnel Administration – Dynamics & Dimensions. Guwahati: DVS Publishers, 2004.

Sharma, M.P. Public Administration. Guwahati: DVS Publishers, 2004.


Paper VIII (a)

Human Rights



Human Rights – Definition & Scope.


Human Rights & the United Nations : Charter Provisions.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights.


Third Generation of Human Rights, Right to Self Determination.

Group Rights : Rights of Women, Children, Minorities.


International Protection of Human Rights : Civil, Political, Social & Economic Rights.


Role of NGOs in the Protection of Human Rights at International & National Level: Amnesty International.

National Human Rights Commission in India.

Suggested Readings

Buergenthal, Thomas (ed.). International Human Rights. Bombay: Allied, 1979.

Carey, J. U.N. Protection if Civil and Political Rights. New York: 1970.

Chakravorty, R. Human Rights and the United Nations. Calcutta: Progressive Publishers, 1958.

Daminguez, J. et. al., enhancing Global Human Rights. 1980.

Iyer, V.R.K. Human Rights and the Law. Indore: Vedpal Lane House, 1984.

Kashyap, S.C. Human Rights and Parliament. New Delhi: Metropolitan, 1978.

Luard, E. (ed.). The International Protection to Human Rights. New York: 1967.

Meron, Theodore.  Human Rights in International Law. Oxford Clarendon Press, 1984.

Raja Muthivalandi.  Human Rights.

Robertson, A.H. Human Rights in the World. Manchester, 1972.

__________,  Human Rights in National and International Law. Manchester: 1968.

Schwells, E. Human Rights and the International Community. Oxford Clarendon Press, 1983.

Sohn, L. and Buergarthal, T. International Protection of Human Rights. 1973.

Vallat, F. (ed.) An Introduction to the Study of Human Rights. London: 1972.


Paper VIII (b)

Women and Political Process



Women and the Classical Tradition in Political Theory.

Origin & Evolution of  Feminism.


Different Perspectives in Feminism : Liberal, Marxist & Radical


Women’s Suffrage & its Impact on Electoral Politics.

Debate on Reservation for Women in India.


Women in Labour Market.

Women’s Input in Social, Economic & Cultural Policy matters in the Post-Cold War Era.


Women and Politics in India.

Suggested Readings

Asfah, H. (ed.) Women and Politics in the Third World. London: Routledge, 1996.

Bystdzienski, J.M. (ed.) women Transforming Politics: Worldwide Strategies for Empowerment. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Charvet, J. Feminism. London: Dent, 1982.

Cohen, R. and P. Kennedy. Global Sociology. London: St. Martin Press, 1999.

Coole, D. Women in Political Theory: From Ancient Misogyny to Contemporary Feminism. New York: Harvester Wheatshesf, 1993.

Eisenstein, H. Contemporary Feminist Thought. London:  Unwin, 1984.

Elshtain, J.B. The Family in Political Thought. Brighton: Harvester, 1982.

Evans, J. Feminism and Political Theory. London: Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.

Forbes, G. Women in Modern India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Gatens, M. Feminism and Philosophy: Perspectives on Difference and Equality. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991.

Gelb, J.  Feminism and Politics: A Comparative Perspective. Berkley: University of California Press, 1989.

Grant, J. Fundamental Feminism: Contesting the Core Concepts of Feminist Theory. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Jahan, R. ‘Women in South Asian Politics’ Mainstream. 15th August 1991, pp 1-6.

Kennedy, E. and S. Mendus, Women in Western Political Philosophy. Brighton: Harvester, 1987.

Kumar, R. The History of Doing: An Illustrated Account of Movements for Women’s Rights and Feminism in India 1800-1900. London: Verso, 1993.

Mitchell, J. Women: The Longest Revolution. London: Everyman, 1962.

_________, and A. Oakley, What is Feminism? Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Nelson, B. and N. Chowdhary (eds.). Women and Politics Worldwide. Delhi: OUP, 1997.

Okin, S.M. Women in Western Political Thought. Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979.

__________, and J. Mansbridge (eds.) Feminism. 3 Vols., London: Routledge, 1994.

__________, J.S. Mill’s The Subjection of Women. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1988.

Pateman, C. The Disorder of Women. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989.

Randall, V. Women and Politics: An International Perspective. 2nd edn., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Rendall, J. The Origins of Modern Feminism: Women in Britain, France and the United States 1760-1860. London: Macmillan, 1985.

Rossi, A. The Feminist Papers: From Adams to Beauvoir. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.

Sewall, M.W. (ed.) The World’s Congress of Representative of Women. Chicago: Rand McNally and Co., 1994.


Paper – IX

Indian Political Thought




Sources of Indian Political Thought, Political Thought in Ancient India.

Kautilya – Arthasastra: the Theory of Government, power and Functions of the Rulers; Statecraft.

Dayanand Saraswati – Vedic Nationalism and Aryasamaj; Swami Vivekananda – Nationalism, Internationalism, Enlightened Humanism


Balgangadhar Tilak – Tilak’s Idea of Swaraj, Education and Dharma & Gopal Krishna Gokhale – Idealism and Swadeshi

Aurobindo Ghosh – Theory of Divine Determism, Theory of State, Nationalism, Concept of Spiritual Man.


Mahatma Gandhi – Non-Violence, Satyagraha, Trusteeship;

Jawaharlal Nehru – Humanism, Socialism, Individualism.


M.N. Roy – Radical Humanism, Party – less Democracy.

R.M. Lohia – Lohia’s Socialism; Acharya Narendra Dev – Narendra Dev’s Party-less Democracy;  J.P. Narayan – JP’s Total Revolution.


B.R. Ambedkar – Equity, Contribution to the Constituent Assembly.

Suggested Readings

Altekar, A.S. State and Government in Ancient India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1966.

Appadorai, A. Documents on Political Thought in Modern India. 2 Vols. Bombay: OUP, 1970.

Bandhopadhyaya, J.  Social and Political Thought of Gandhi. Bombay:  Allied, 1969.

Brown, D.M. The White Umbrella: Indian Political Thought from Manu to Gandhi. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.

Dalton, D.G. India’s Idea of Freedom: Political Thought of Swami Vivekananda. Aurobindo Ghose, Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore. Delhi: Academic Press, 1982.

Damodaran, K. Indian Thought: A Critical Survey. London: Asia Publishing House, 1967.

Ghose, S. Modern Indian Political thought. Delhi: Allied, 1984.

Haithcox, J.P. Communism and Nationalism in India: M.N. Roy and Comitern Policy. Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1971.

Hay, S. Sources of Indian Tradition: Modern India and Pakistan. India: Penguin Books, 1991.

Iyer, R. The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi. OUP, 1973.

Kadam, K.N. (ed.)  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. New Delhi: Sage, 1992.

Kangle, R.P. Arthashastra of Kautilya. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1965.

Karnik, V.B. M.N. Roy: Political Biography. Bombay: Jagriti, 1978.

Karunakaran, K.P. Modern Indian Political Tradition. New Delhi: Allied Publishers, 1962.

____________, Religious and Political Awakening in India. Begum Bridge, Meenakshi Prakashanm, 1969.

Kaura, U.  Muslims and Indian Nationalism. New Delhi: Manohar, 1977.

Mehta, V.R. Foundations of Indian Political Thought. New Delhi: Manohar, 1992.

Mohanty, M.  Revolutionary Violence: A Study of the Marxist Movement in India. New Delhi: Sterling, 1977.

Mukherjee, S. Gandhian Thought: Marxist Interpretation. New Delhi: Deep & Deep, 1991.

Nanda, B.R.  Gokhale, Gandhi and the Nehrus: Studies in Indian Nationalism. London: Allen and Unwin, 1974.

Omvedt, G. Dalits and the Democratic Revolution: Dr. Ambedkar and the Dalit Movement in Colonial India. New Delhi: Sage, 1994.

Pantham, T. and K. Deustch (eds.) Political Thought in Modern India. New Delhi: Sage, 1986.

Parekh, B. Colonialism, Tradition and Reform: Analysis of Gandhi’s Political Discourse. New Delhi: Sage, 1989.

__________ and T. Pantham (eds.) Discourse: Exploration in India and Western Political Thought. New Delhi: Sage, 1987.

Swami Ranganathananda, Swami Vivekananda: His Humanism. Moscow State University Lecture, Calcutta: Advaita Ashram, 1991.

Ray, N.R. (ed.). Raja Rammohan Roy: A Bi-centenary Tribute. Calcutta: Asiatic Society, 1975.

Rudolph, S.H. and L.I. Rudolph,  Gandhi – The Traditional Roots of Charisma. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

Sharma, B.S. The Political Philosophy of M.N. Roy.  Delhi: National Publishing House, 1965.

Spellman, J. The Political Theory of Ancient India. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1964.

Verma, V.P. Studies in Hindu Political Thought and its Metaphysical Foundations. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1974.

Wolpert, S.A. Tilak and Gokhale. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962.





Paper – X

Indian Foreign Policy



Indian Foreign Policy – Determinants, Principles and Objectives.


Policy of Non-Alignment – Concept; India’s Policy of Non-Alignment; Relevance of Non-Alignment in Post-Cold War Period.

India and the SAARC – Origin; Objectives; Principles, India & ASEAN.


              1)      India and Its Neighbours –

Pakistan – The Kashmir Dispute; Indo-Pak Relations till the 1965 War; India-Pakistan War of 1971; The Kargil War, Tension Areas Between India & Pakistan

China – Problem of Tibet; Border Dispute; India – China War 1962; Post – Mao China and India.


               2)     India and Its Neighbours –

Nepal – Treaty of Peace and Friendship, 1950; Multi-party Democracy and India – Nepal Relations.

Bangladesh – Indo-Bangladesh Treaty of Friendship and Peace, 1972; 1977 Agreement; Tension Areas between India & Bangladesh.

Sri Lanka – Nehru – Kotelawala Agreement, 1953; Shastri – Sirimavo Agreement – Kacchativu Dispute; India-Srilanka Economic Cooperation; Rajiv – Jayawardene Agreement, 1987.


India’s Nuclear Policy

India and the United States of America

India and Russia Relations


Suggested Readings

Babu, G.Kishore.India and Neighbours :Yearbook 2005. Delhi: CNF, 2005.

Bandyopadhyaya, J. The Making of India’s Foreign Policy. 2nded. New Delhi: Allied Publishers Ltd., 2000.

Dutt, V.P. Foreign Policy in a Changing World. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing     House Pvt Ltd., 1999.

Jayapalan, N. Foreign Policy of India. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and           Distributors, 2001.

Jha, Nalini Kant. Domestic Imperatives in India’s Foreign Policy.New Delhi:      South Asian Publishers, 2002.

Khanna, V. N. Foreign Policy of India. 6 Ed.New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd., 2007.

Nautiyal, Annpurna. Ed. Challenges to India’s Foreign Policy in the New Era. New        Delhi: Gyan Publishing House, 2006.

Pant, Harsh V.Indian Foreign Policy in a Unipolar World.New Delhi, India: Routledge, 2009.

Sharma, S.R. Foundations of India’s Foreign Policy. New Delhi: Omsons Publications, 2002.

Shukla, Vatsala. India’s Foreign Policy in the New Millenium. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2005.

Sikri, Rajiv. Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy. New Delhi: SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd, 2009

Sumit, Ganguly. India‘s Foreign Policy: Retrospect and Prospect. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010.


Paper – XI

The United Nations



International Organisation – Origin; League of Nations and its Failure, Historical Development of the UN.

U.N. Charter : Its Objectives & Principles, Membership of the U.N.


Principal Organs :

(a)    General Assembly

                              (b)    Security Council.

                              (c)    Economic & Social Council.

                              (d)    Trusteeship Council

                              (e)    Secretariat

                              (f)     International Court of Justice



Specialised Agencies under the U.N.  I.L.O. , U.N.E.S.C.O. , U.N.C.T.A.D. , W.H.O.


U.N. and Peace Keeping.

U.N. and Collective Security.

U.N. & Human Rights.


Relevance of U.N. in Post-Cold War Period.

Reforms in UN: Issues & Debates.

Suggested Readings

Bailey, S.D.  The General Assembly of the United Nations. New York: Freerick Praeger, 1964.

Barress, James. (ed.) The UN: Past, Present and Future. New York: Free Press, 1972.

Bennet, A. Leroy. International Organisation. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1980.

Bhuinya, Niranjan. United Nations: Problems and Prospects. Calcutta: K.P. Bagchi & Co., 1980.

Claude, Iris Jr. Swords in Ploughshares. New York: Random House, 1964.

Gregg, Robert W. and Michael Barku, (eds.) The United Nations: Systems and its Function. New Delhi: Affiliated East Press, 1970.

Luard, Evan. The UN: Hoe it Works and What it Does. Macmillan Press Ltd., 1982.

Narasimhan, C.V. The UN: An Inside View. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 1988.

Nicholas, N. The United Nations as a Political Institution. London: OUP, 1967.

Simons, Goodrick Hambre. The Charter of the United Nations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.

Stephen P. Goodprrf, The Nature and Function of International Organisation. New York: 1967.



Paper XII (a)

Political Sociology



Political Sociology – Definition, Nature and Scope; Approaches to the Study of Political Sociology.


Power & Influence.



Theories of Power : Elite Theory, Pluralist Theory & Marxian Theory.


Political Culture, Political Socialisation, Political Participation.

Political Development and Modernisation.


Social Stratification : Caste & Class.


Social Change : Meaning, Factors and Theories, Sanskritisation, Westernisation & Secularisation.

Suggested Readings

Almond, G. & S. Verba, The Civic Culture.

Ashraf, Ali and L.N. Sharma, Political Sociology. Hyderabad: University Press, 1988.

Baral, R.K. Political Sociology.

Bottomore, T. Political Sociology. London: Hutchinson, 1979.

Chandra, R. Caste System in India. DVS Publishers, 2003.

Coser, Lewis A. Political Sociology. New York: Harper & Row, 1967.

Dahl, Robert A. Modern Political Analysis.

Dasgupta, R. Classes and Elites in the Third World, DVS Publishers, 2001.

Herowitz, I.L. Foundation of Political Sociology. New York: Longmans, 1972.

Mukhopadhyaya, Amal K. Political Sociology: An Introductory Analysis. Calcutta: K.P.Bagchi & Co., 1977.

Pathi, Srinibas & Madhusmita Mishra. Political Sociology: Ideas & Issues. Ludhiana: Kalyani Publishers, 1998.

Rathore, L.S.  Political Sociology.

Rush, Michael and Philip Attheff. An Introductory to Political Sociology. London: Nelson, 1971.

Sartiri, S. “From Sociology of Politics to Political Sociology” in S.M. Lipset, (ed) Political and Social Science. New York: 1969  page  92-99

Singh, Y. Modernisation of Indian Tradition.

Srinivas, M.N. Social Change in Modern India.

Verma, R.P. Dynamics of Political Sociology. DVS, 2001.


Paper XII (b)

Southeast Asia Politics



Introduction to South East Asia: Geography, Culture & Socio – Economic Dynamics.

History of South East Asia since 20th Century.


South East Asia’s Importance in India’s Foreign Policy: The Background.

South East Asia in India’s Foreign Policy: From 1980s till date.


India and ASEAN: Strategic Engagement and Economic Engagement.

China as a factor in the India – ASEAN Relation.


India’s economic relations with Indonesia, Thailand and South Korea.

India and Myanmar Relations.


South East Asia and Japan.

South East Asia and China.


Suggested Readings

Dutt, V.P. Foreign Policy in a Changing World. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 1999.

Grare, Frederic and Amitabh Mattoo. India and ASEAN, The Politics of India’s Look East Policy. New.

Jayapalan, N. Foreign Policy of India. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2001.

Majumdar, Asis Kumar. South –East Asia in Indian Foreign Policy. Calcutta: Naya Prokash, 1982.

Merostar, Rani, C.R. Lyngdoh. Look East Policy: Impact on North East India. New Delhi: Akanksha Publishing, 2008.

Mitra, Debamitra and Madhuchanda Ghosh. India’s Foreign Policy: The Changing Dynamics. New Delhi: ICFAI University Press, 2009.

Mitra, Debamitra and Madhuchanda Ghosh. India’s Look East Policy: The Emerging Trends. New Delhi: ICFAI University Press, 2008.

Nayar, S.R. Foundations of India’s Foreign Policy. New Delhi: Omsons Publications, 2002.

Thomas, Raju G.C. “The Shifting Landscape of Indian Foreign Policy.” In Comparative Foreign Policy: Adaptation Strategies of the Great & Emerging Powers. Edited by Steven W. Hook. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2002.


Paper XII (c)


South Asia: Economy, Society and Politics


UNIT – I        South Asia as a Region

Struggle for Independence and Nationalism in South Asia, Human Development Profile


            a.         Country Profiles: India

India in the global Economic Order, India in the global political order

b.         Country Profiles: Pakistan

Political Structures and Processes in Pakistan, Economy and Society in Pakistan, Military in the politics of Pakistan

c.         Country Profiles: Bangladesh

Political Structures and processes in Bangladesh, Economy and society in Bangladesh

d.         Country Profiles: Nepal

Political structures and processes in Nepal, Economy and society in Nepal, Economy, society and politics in Nepal.

UNIT – III    Country Profiles: Sri Lanka, the Maldives & Bhutan

Political Structures and Processes in Sri Lanka, Economy and Society in Sri Lanka, Ethnic Accommodation in the Politics of Sri Lanka, Economy, Society and Politics in the Maldives and Bhutan.

UNIT – IV     Democracy in South Asia

Human Rights,  Civil Society,  Challenges to Managing Pluralism in South Asia

South Asia in a Globalising World

Liberalisation and SAPs,  Globalisation and the state

UNIT – V      Regional Cooperation


Dynamics of South Asian Security & Nuclear Issues.

Suggested Readings

Ariff, Mohamed. Liberalization and Growth in Asia: 21st Century Challenges. Edward Elgar

Brass, Paul R. (Ed). Routledge Handbook Of South Asian Politics: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, And Nepal. 1st Edition  Routledge USA,  2010.

Chari, P.R., Sonika Gupta and Arpit Rajain (Ed). Nuclear Stability in Southern Asia. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers, 2003

Crook, Richard C. and James Manor. Democracy and Decentralisation in South Asia and West Africa: Participation, Accountability and Performance. Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Hussain Mushaid. Pakistan: Problems of Governance. Konark. 1993.

Johnson, Rob. Region In Turmoil, A: South Asian Conflicts Since 1947. 1st Edition. United Kingdom. 2005.

Khan , Shahrukh Rafi. Fifty Years of Pakistan’s Economy. Oxford University Press, 1998.

      Kukreja, Veena. Contemporary Pakistan : Political Processes, Conflicts and Crises. New Delhi, Sage, 2003.

Lokniti: Programme for Comparative Democracy Centre For the Study of Developing Countries. State of Democracy in South Asia. Oxford University Press, 2008

Quadir, Fahim and Jayant Lele (Eds.). Democracy and Civil Society in Asia: Globalization, Democracy and Civil Society in Asia. Volume 1. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Quibria, M. G. Rural Poverty in Asia. Oxford University Press, 1994.

Sato, Hiroshi and Mayumi Murayama (Eds.). Globalisation, Employment and Mobility: The South Asian Experience. Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Shaha. R. Politics in Nepal 1980 – 1990. South Asia, Manohar, 1992.

Silva, M. de (ed.). Sri Lanka: Problems of Governance. Konark, 1993.

Sobhan. R. Bangladesh: Problems of Governance. Konark, 1993.